The involvement of intracellular Ca(2+) in 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor-mediated contraction of the rabbit isolated renal artery.
Hill PB., Dora KA., Hughes AD., Garland CJ.
5-Hydroxytryptamine(1B/1D) (5-HT(1B/1D)) receptor coupling to contraction was investigated in endothelium-denuded rabbit isolated renal arteries, by simultaneously measuring tension and intracellular [Ca(2+)], and tension in permeabilized smooth muscle cells. In intact arterial segments, 1 nM - 10 microM 5-HT failed to induce contraction or increase the fura-2 fluorescence ratio (in the presence of 1 microM ketanserin and prazosin to block 5-HT(2) and alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors, respectively). However, in vessels pre-exposed to either 20 mM K(+) or 30 nM U46619, 5-HT stimulated concentration-dependent increases in both tension and intracellular [Ca(2+)]. 1 nM - 10 microM U46619 induced concentration-dependent contractions. In the presence of nifedipine (0.3 and 1 microM) the maximal contraction to U46619 (10 microM) was reduced by around 70%. The residual contraction was abolished by the putative receptor operated channel inhibitor, SKF 96365 (2 microM). With 0.3 microM nifedipine present, 100 nM U46619 evoked similar contraction to 30 nM U46619 in the absence of nifedipine, but contraction to 5-HT (1 nM - 10 microM) was abolished. In permeabilized arterial segments, 10 mM caffeine, 1 microM IP(3) or 100 microM phenylephrine, each evoked transient contractions by releasing Ca(2+) from intracellular stores, whereas 5-HT had no effect. In intact arterial segments pre-stimulated with 20 mM K(+), 5-HT-evoked contractions were unaffected by 1 microM thapsigargin, which inhibits sarco- and endoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPases. In vessels permeabilized with alpha-toxin and then pre-contracted with Ca(2+) and GTP, 5-HT evoked further contraction, reflecting increased myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity. Contraction linked to 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor stimulation in the rabbit renal artery can be explained by an influx of external Ca(2+) through voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels and sensitization of the contractile myofilaments to existing levels of Ca(2+), with no release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores.