Actions of cADP-ribose and its antagonists on contraction in guinea pig isolated ventricular myocytes. Influence of temperature.
Iino S., Cui Y., Galione A., Terrar DA.
Although it is becoming widely accepted that cADP-ribose (cADPR) can regulate calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum in sea urchin eggs and in a variety of mammalian cell types, it remains controversial whether this substance might influence calcium release during excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac muscle. We have investigated possible actions of cADPR in intact cells isolated from guinea pig ventricle, paying particular attention to the possible influence of temperature. At 36 degrees C, myocyte contraction was influenced by cytosolic application of cADPR in a concentration-dependent manner (showing an approximately 30% increase in contraction with 5 mumol/L cADPR applied via a patch pipette in myocytes stimulated to fire action potentials at 1 Hz). Calcium transients measured with fura 2 were also increased by 5 mumol/L cADPR. Antagonists of cADPR reduced contraction at 36 degrees C (by approximately 35% with either 50 mumol/L 8-Br-cADPR or 5 mumol/L 8-amino-cADPR applied via the patch pipette). At room temperature (approximately 20 degrees C to 24 degrees C), no significant effects on contraction were detected with either cADPR or its antagonists. At 36 degrees C, treatment of the cells with a mixture of 2 mumol/L ryanodine and 1 mumol/L thapsigargin to suppress function of the sarcoplasmic reticulum stores of calcium prevented the action of 5 mumol/L cADPR applied via a patch pipette. These observations are consistent with an action of cytosolic cADPR to enhance calcium-induced calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in guinea pig ventricular myocytes at 36 degrees C. The observed influence of temperature under the conditions of our experiments is one factor that might help to account for failure to detect actions of cADPR and its analogues in some previous studies.