Stereochemistry of phosphoryl transfer.
Lowe G., Cullis PM., Jarvest RL., Potter BV., Sproat BS.
A general method has been developed for the synthesis of chiral [16O,17O,18O]phosphate monoesters of known absolute configuration. An analytic method for determining the absolute configuration of chiral phosphate esters has also been developed, which is based on the isotope effects of 17O and 18O at phosphorus in the 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum. These methods have shown that phosphoryl transfer catalysed by hexokinase, phosphofructokinase and pyruvate kinase occurs with inversion of configuration. This is most simply interpreted as an "in-line' transfer of the phosphoryl group between substrates in the enzyme-substrate ternary complex.