Stereoretentive Post-Translational Protein Editing
Fu XP., Yuan Y., Jha A., Levin N., Giltrap AM., Ren J., Mamalis D., Mohammed S., Davis BG.
Chemical post-translational methods allow convergent side-chain editing of proteins without needing to resort to genetic intervention. Current approaches that allow the creation of constitutionally native side chains via C-C bond formation, using off-protein carbon-centered C· radicals added to unnatural amino acid radical acceptor (SOMOphile, singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO)) “tags” such as dehydroalanine, are benign and wide-ranging. However, they also typically create epimeric mixtures of d /l-residues. Here, we describe a light-mediated desulfurative method that, through the creation and reaction of stereoretained on-protein l-alanyl Cβ· radicals, allows Cβ-Hγ, Cβ-Oγ, Cβ-Seγ, Cβ-Bγ, and Cβ-Cγ bond formation to flexibly generate site-selectively edited proteins with full retention of native stereochemistry under mild conditions from a natural amino acid precursor. This methodology shows great potential to explore protein side-chain diversity and function and in the construction of useful bioconjugates.