Chemical and chemoenzymatic synthesis of glycosyl-amino acids and glycopeptides related to Trypanosoma cruzi mucins.
Campo VL., Carvalho I., Allman S., Davis BG., Field RA.
This study describes the synthesis of the alpha- and beta-linked N-acetyllactosamine (Galp-beta-1,4-GlcNAc; LacNAc) glycosides of threonine (LacNAc-Thr). LacNAc-a-Thr was prepared by direct chemical coupling of a 2-azido-2-deoxy-lactose disaccharide donor to a suitable partially protected threonine unit. In contrast, stepwise chemical generation of beta-linked N-acetylglucosamine followed by enzymatic galactosylation to give LacNAc-beta-Thr proved effective, whereas use of a 2-azido-2-deoxy-lactose donor in acetonitrile failed to give the desired beta-linked disaccharyl glycoside. This study illustrates that it is possible to overcome the inherent stereoselection for 1,2-trans chemical glycosylation with a GlcNAc donor, and that the well-established preference of bovine beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase for beta-linked acceptor substrates can also be overcome. Using this knowledge, short glycopeptide fragments based on T. cruzi mucin sequences, Thr-Thr-[LacNAcThr]-Thr-Thr-Gly, were synthesised. All LacNAc-based compounds outlined were shown to serve as acceptor substrates for sialylation by T. cruzi trans-sialidase.