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Previous studies have shown that adenophostin A is a potent initiator of the activation of SOCs (store-operated Ca2+ channels) in rat hepatocytes, and have suggested that, of the two subtypes of Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor predominantly present in rat hepatocytes [Ins(1,4,5)P3R1 (type I receptor) and Ins(1,4,5)P3R2 (type II receptor)], Ins(1,4,5)P3R1s are required for SOC activation. We compared the abilities of Ins(1,4,6)P3 [with higher apparent affinity for Ins(1,4,5)P3R1] and Ins(1,3,6)P3 and Ins(1,2,4,5)P4 [with higher apparent affinities for Ins(1,4,5)P3R2] to activate SOCs. The Ins(1,4,5)P3 analogues were microinjected into single cells together with fura 2, and dose-response curves for the activation of Ca2+ inflow and Ca2+ release from intracellular stores obtained for each analogue. The concentration of Ins(1,4,6)P3 which gave half-maximal stimulation of Ca2+ inflow was substantially lower than that which gave half-maximal stimulation of Ca2+ release. By contrast, for Ins(1,3,6)P3 and Ins(1,2,4,5)P3, the concentration which gave half-maximal stimulation of Ca2+ inflow was substantially higher than that which gave half-maximal stimulation of Ca2+ release. The distribution of Ins(1,4,5)P3R1 and Ins(1,4,5)P3R2 in rat hepatocytes cultured under the same conditions as those employed for the measurement of Ca2+ inflow and release was determined by immunofluorescence. Ins(1,4,5)-P3R1s were found predominantly at the cell periphery, whereas Ins(1,4,5)P3R2s were found at the cell periphery, the cell interior and nucleus. It is concluded that the idea that a small region of the endoplasmic reticulum enriched in Ins(1,4,5)P3R1 is required for the activation of SOCs is consistent with the present results for hepatocytes.

Original publication




Journal article


Biochem J

Publication Date





519 - 526


Animals, Calcium, Calcium Channels, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Fura-2, Hepatocytes, Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate, Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear, Vasopressins