Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Inhibition of steroid sulphatase is now an important target for the development of new drugs for the treatment of women with endocrine-dependent breast tumours. The first potent sulphatase inhibitor identified, oestrone-3-O-sulphamate (EMATE) proved. unexpectedly, to be oestrogenic. A number of strategies have therefore been adopted to design and synthesize a non-oestrogenic inhibitor. For this, a number of modifications have been made to the A and D rings of the oestrone nucleus. 2 Methoxyoestrone-3-O-sulphamate, while having similar in vitro and in vivo sulphatase inhibitory potency to that of EMATE, was devoid of oestrogenic activity when tested at 2 mg/kg in an ovariectomised rat uterine weight gain assay. 17-Deoxyoestrone-3-O-sulphamate was also a potent steroid sulphatase inhibitor and while it was devoid of oestrogenic activity when tested at 0.1 mg/kg, did stimulate uterine growth at 1.0 mg/kg. As an alternative approach to the use of steroid-based inhibitors a number of single ring, bicyclic non-fused ring, and two fused ring sulphamate analogues were designed, synthesized and tested for their ability to inhibit steroid sulphatase activity. In general, although the single ring and bicyclic non-fused ring sulphamate analogues could inhibit sulphatase activity, they were considerably less potent than EMATE. The mono- and bis-sulphamate derivatives of 5,7-dihydroxyisoflavone were relatively potent, inhibiting in vivo steroid sulphatase activity by 62 and 81% respectively at a single oral dose of 10 mg/kg. A study of the structure-activity relationship of a series of coumarin-based sulphamates has led to the development of a number of potent non-steroidal inhibitors, one of which has a similar potency to that of EMATE. The identification of potent steroid- and non-steroid-based sulphatase inhibitors will enable the therapeutic value of this therapy to be examined in the near future.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol

Publication Date

04/1999

Volume

69

Pages

227 - 238

Keywords

Animals, Arylsulfatases, Enzyme Inhibitors, Estrogen Antagonists, Female, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Molecular Structure, Progestins, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Spectrometry, Mass, Fast Atom Bombardment, Steryl-Sulfatase, Tumor Cells, Cultured