Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The present study examined the actions of the putative 5-HT1A antagonist BMY 7378 on central pre- and postsynaptic 5-HT1A function in the rat in vivo. Unlike the direct acting 5-HT1A agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-pro-pylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), BMY 7378 (0.25-5 mg/kg s.c.) did not induce the full postsynaptically mediated 5-HT behavioural syndrome (forepaw treading, head weaving, flat body posture hindlimb abduction). Indeed, the maximal 5-HT behavioural syndrome scores of BMY 7378 were about 10% of those for 8-OH-DPAT. Following pretreatment, however, BMY 7378 dose dependently (0.25-5 mg/kg s.c.) reduced to undetectable levels forepaw treading and head weaving induced by 8-OH-DPAT (0.75 mg/kg s.c.). BMY 7378 also inhibited stereotypy and locomotor activity induced by 0.5 mg/kg apomorphine although this effect was only statistically significant at the highest dose tested (5 mg/kg). In contrast to its apparent 5-HT1A antagonist properties in the behavioural experiments, BMY 7378 caused a marked and dose-dependent (0.01-1.0 mg/kg s.c.) decrease of 5-HT release in ventral hippocampus of the anaesthetized rat as detected by brain microdialysis. This effect of BMY 7378 had a similar onset and duration of action but with slightly reduced efficacy compared to that previously described for 8-OH-DPAT. As with 8-OH-DPAT, the inhibitory effect of BMY 7378 on 5-HT release was attenuated by pretreatment with the 5-HT1 receptor/beta-adrenoceptor antagonist pindolol (8 mg/kg s.c.) but not its counterpart propranolol (20 mg/kg s.c.). Pretreatment with a combination of the beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptor antagonists metoprolol (4 mg/kg s.c.) and ICI 118 551 (4 mg/kg s.c.), respectively, did not alter the 5-HT response to BMY 7378. From these data we conclude that BMY 7378 is a mixed agonist/antagonist at central 5-HT1A receptors.


Journal article


Eur J Pharmacol

Publication Date





331 - 340


8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin, Adrenergic beta-Antagonists, Animals, Apomorphine, Brain Chemistry, Dialysis, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Interactions, Hippocampus, Male, Motor Activity, Piperazines, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Receptors, Serotonin, Serotonin Antagonists, Stereotyped Behavior, Tetrahydronaphthalenes