The hydrolysis of oestrone sulphate and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate by human steroid sulphatase expressed in transfected COS-1 cells.
Purohit A., Dauvois S., Parker MG., Potter BV., Williams GJ., Reed MJ.
Whether the same or distinct steroid sulphatases (STS) are involved in the hydrolysis of alkyl and aryl steroid sulphates remains controversial. We have examined the ability of a placental steroid sulphatase to hydrolyse oestrone sulphate and/or dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHA-S) by expressing the enzyme in COS-1 cells. Using either intact cells or broken cell preparations, the expressed sulphatase was found to hydrolyse both oestrone sulphate and DHA-S. The catalysis of oestrone sulphate and DHA-S by the expressed sulphatase was almost completely abolished by the steroid sulphatase inhibitor, oestrone-3-O-sulphamate. It is concluded that both alkyl and aryl steroid sulphates can be hydrolysed by the same steroid sulphatase.