Lysosome-sarcoplasmic reticulum junctions. A trigger zone for calcium signaling by nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate and endothelin-1.
Kinnear NP., Boittin FX., Thomas JM., Galione A., Evans AM.
Previous studies on pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells have shown that nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) evokes highly localized intracellular Ca(2+) signals by mobilizing thapsigargin-insensitive stores. Such localized Ca(2+) signals may initiate global Ca(2+) waves and contraction of the myocytes through the recruitment of ryanodine receptors on the sarcoplasmic reticulum via Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release. Here we show that NAADP evokes localized Ca(2+) signals by mobilizing a bafilomycin A1-sensitive, lysosome-related Ca(2+) store. These lysosomal stores facilitate this process by co-localizing with a portion of the sarcoplasmic reticulum expressing ryanodine receptors to comprise a highly specialized trigger zone for NAADP-dependent Ca(2+) signaling by the vasoconstrictor hormone, endothelin-1. These findings further advance our understanding of how the spatial organization of discrete, organellar Ca(2+) stores may underpin the generation of differential Ca(2+) signaling patterns by different Ca(2+)-mobilizing messengers.