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Intracellular Ca(2+) signals constitute key elements in signal transduction. Of the three major Ca(2+) mobilizing messengers described, the most potent, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is the least well understood in terms of its molecular targets [1]. Recently, we showed that heterologous expression of two-pore channel (TPC) proteins enhances NAADP-induced Ca(2+) release, whereas the NAADP response was abolished in pancreatic beta cells from Tpcn2 gene knockout mice [2]. However, whether TPCs constitute native NAADP receptors is unclear. Here we show that immunopurified endogenous TPC complexes possess the hallmark properties ascribed to NAADP receptors, including nanomolar ligand affinity [3-5]. Our study also reveals important functional differences between the three TPC isoforms. Thus, TPC1 and TPC2 both mediate NAADP-induced Ca(2+) release, but the subsequent amplification of this trigger Ca(2+) by IP(3)Rs is more tightly coupled for TPC2. In contrast, TPC3 expression suppressed NAADP-induced Ca(2+) release. Finally, increased TPC expression has dramatic and contrasting effects on endolysosomal structures and dynamics, implicating a role for NAADP in the regulation of vesicular trafficking. We propose that NAADP regulates endolysosomal Ca(2+) storage and release via TPCs and coordinates endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release in a role that impacts on Ca(2+) signaling in health and disease [6].

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.cub.2010.02.049

Type

Journal article

Journal

Curr Biol

Publication Date

27/04/2010

Volume

20

Pages

703 - 709

Keywords

Animals, Calcium, Calcium Channels, Calcium Signaling, Endosomes, HEK293 Cells, Humans, Lysosomes, NADP, Protein Isoforms, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus