Ca2+ release induced by cyclic ADP ribose in mice lacking type 3 ryanodine receptor.
Fulceri R., Rossi R., Bottinelli R., Conti A., Intravaia E., Galione A., Benedetti A., Sorrentino V., Reggiani C.
The action of cyclic-ADP-ribose was studied on calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscles of neonatal and adult wild-type and RyR3-deficient mice. cADPR increased calcium efflux from microsomes, enhanced caffeine-induced calcium release, and, in 20% of the tests, triggered calcium release in single muscle fibers. These responses occurred only in the diaphragm of adult RyR3-deficient mice. cADPR action was abolished by ryanodine, ruthenium red, and 8-brome-cADPR. These results strongly favor a specific action of cADPR on RyR1. The responsiveness of RyR1 appears in adult muscles when RyR3 is lacking.