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Much evidence supports the hypothesis that A2A adenosine receptors play an important role in the expression of morphine withdrawal and that the dopaminergic system might also be involved. We have evaluated morphine withdrawal signs in wild-type and A2A receptor knockout mice and shown a significant enhancement in some withdrawal signs in the knockout mice. In addition, micro -opioid and dopamine D2 receptor autoradiography, as well as micro -opioid receptor-stimulated guanylyl 5'-[gamma-[35S]thio]-triphosphate ([35S]GTPgammaS) autoradiography was carried out in brain sections of withdrawn wild-type and knockout mice. No significant changes in D2 and micro -opioid receptor binding were observed in any of the brain regions analysed. However, a significant increase in the level of micro receptor-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was observed in the nucleus accumbens of withdrawn knockout mice. These data indicate that the A2A receptor plays a role in opioid withdrawal related to functional receptor activation.

Original publication




Journal article


J Neurochem

Publication Date





827 - 834


Analysis of Variance, Animals, Autoradiography, Behavior, Animal, Binding Sites, Brain, Densitometry, Diarrhea, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Interactions, Enkephalin, Ala(2)-MePhe(4)-Gly(5)-, GTP-Binding Proteins, Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate), Male, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Morphine, Motor Activity, Naloxone, Narcotic Antagonists, Raclopride, Receptor, Adenosine A2A, Receptors, Opioid, mu, Substance Withdrawal Syndrome, Sulfur Isotopes, Tremor, Tritium, Urine, Weight Loss