Deconvolution for multimode fiber imaging: modeling of spatially variant PSF.
Turcotte R., Sutu E., Schmidt CC., Emptage NJ., Booth MJ.
Focusing light through a step-index multimode optical fiber (MMF) using wavefront control enables minimally-invasive endoscopy of biological tissue. The point spread function (PSF) of such an imaging system is spatially variant, and this variation limits compensation for blurring using most deconvolution algorithms as they require a uniform PSF. However, modeling the spatially variant PSF into a series of spatially invariant PSFs re-opens the possibility of deconvolution. To achieve this we developed svmPSF: an open-source Java-based framework compatible with ImageJ. The approach takes a series of point response measurements across the field-of-view (FOV) and applies principal component analysis to the measurements' co-variance matrix to generate a PSF model. By combining the svmPSF output with a modified Richardson-Lucy deconvolution algorithm, we were able to deblur and regularize fluorescence images of beads and live neurons acquired with a MMF, and thus effectively increasing the FOV.