Low Temperature Delays the Effects of Ischemia in Bergmann Glia and in Cerebellar Tissue Swelling
Li X., Helleringer R., Martucci LL., Dallérac G., Cancela J-M., Galante M.
Cerebral ischemia results in oxygen and glucose deprivation that most commonly occurs after a reduction or interruption in the blood supply to the brain. The consequences of cerebral ischemia are complex and involve the loss of metabolic ATP, excessive K+ and glutamate accumulation in the extracellular space, electrolyte imbalance, and brain edema formation. So far, several treatments have been proposed to alleviate ischemic damage, yet few are effective. Here, we focused on the neuroprotective role of lowering the temperature in ischemia mimicked by an episode of oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) in mouse cerebellar slices. Our results suggest that lowering the temperature of the extracellular ‘milieu’ delays both the increases in [K+]e and tissue swelling, two dreaded consequences of cerebellar ischemia. Moreover, radial glial cells (Bergmann glia) display morphological changes and membrane depolarizations that are markedly impeded by lowering the temperature. Overall, in this model of cerebellar ischemia, hypothermia reduces the deleterious homeostatic changes regulated by Bergmann glia.