Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Selective 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonists enhance the effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on presynaptic 5-HT function, and have potential as antidepressant augmentation therapies. The present study tested the effect of different selective 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonists (WAY 100635, NAD-299, p-MPPI and LY 426965) in combination with a SSRI (paroxetine), on postsynaptic 5-HT function measured by increased expression of the immediate early gene, Arc. Paroxetine (5 mg/kg s.c.) combined with WAY 100635 (0.3 mg/kg s.c.) increased Arc mRNA in frontal, parietal and piriform cortices, and caudate putamen. Paroxetine (5 mg/kg s.c.) plus NAD-299 (1 or 5 mg/kg s.c.) had a similar effect. None of these drugs increased Arc mRNA when administered alone. Paroxetine (5 mg/kg s.c.) plus p-MPPI (8.5 mg/kg s.c.) also increased Arc mRNA but p-MPPI itself elevated Arc mRNA in many regions. Whilst LY 426965 (3 or 10 mg/kg s.c.) had no effect alone, when combined with paroxetine (5 mg/kg s.c.), the drug increased Arc mRNA in caudate putamen but not cortical regions.In conclusion, this study demonstrates that four 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonists augment the effect of an SSRI on Arc mRNA expression, which is suggestive of increased postsynaptic 5-HT function. However, the data reveal certain differences in the 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonists not recognised in models of presynaptic 5-HT function.


Journal article



Publication Date





893 - 902


Aminopyridines, Animals, Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins, Benzopyrans, Brain Chemistry, Gene Expression, Male, Muscle Proteins, Paroxetine, Piperazines, Piperidines, Pyridines, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Receptors, Serotonin, Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT1, Serotonin Antagonists, Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors