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Conjugate addition of the homochiral ammonia equivalent lithium N-tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy-N-(α-methylbenzyl)amide to a range of α,β-unsaturated esters gives the corresponding β-amino esters in moderate to good levels of diastereoselectivity. O-Desilylation and cyclisation furnishes homochiral isoxazolidin-5-ones in >99:1 dr after purification. Sequential alkylation of these templates proceeds to give the corresponding 3,4-anti-disubstituted and 3,4,4-trisubstituted derivatives as single diastereoisomers after purification. The first alkylation occurs with high levels of diastereoselectivity on the face of the enolate anti to the C(3)-substituent, whereas the facial selectivity of the second alkylation is governed by a chiral relay effect, which depends upon the relative steric bulk of both the C(3)- and C(4)-substituents. Subsequent hydrogenolysis promotes cleavage of both the N-α-methylbenzyl group and the N-O bond within the isoxazolidin-5-one ring in one pot to give the corresponding β2,2,3-trisubstituted amino acids directly. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.tet.2010.04.027

Type

Journal article

Journal

Tetrahedron

Publication Date

19/06/2010

Volume

66

Pages

4604 - 4620