Synthesis, calcium mobilizing, and physicochemical properties of D-chiro-inositol 1,3,4,6-tetrakisphosphate, a novel and potent ligand at the D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor.
Liu C., Davis RJ., Nahorski SR., Ballereau S., Spiess B., Potter BV.
The synthesis of a novel and potent ligand at the D-myo-inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) is described. D-chiro-Inositol 1,3, 4,6-tetrakisphosphate (7) and L-chiro-inositol 1,3,4, 6-tetrakisphosphate (ent-7) have been synthesized from D-2, 5-di-O-benzyl-chiro-inositol and L-2,5-di-O-benzyl-chiro-inositol, respectively. The potency of binding and Ca2+ release of 7 and ent-7 were examined in L15 and Lvec cells. 7 was a full agonist at the InsP3R in both cells, and ent-7 was inactive. The results are compared to those from D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (1), DL-scyllo-inositol 1,2,4-trisphosphate (2), DL-myo-inositol 1,2,4, 5-tetrakisphosphate (3), scyllo-inositol 1,2,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (4), D-myo-inositol 2,4,5-trisphosphate (5), and D-chiro-inositol 1, 3,4-trisphosphate (6). The protonation processes of 7 have also been investigated by 31P NMR titration experiments.