Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Single nucleotide changes to the sequence between two alternative 5' splice sites, separated by 25 nucleotides in a beta-globin gene derivative, caused substantial shifts in pre-mRNA splicing preferences, both in vivo and in vitro. An activating sequence for splicing was located. Models for the recognition by U1 small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) of competing 5' splice sites were tested by altering the distance separating the two sites. Use of the upstream splice site declined sharply when it was separated from the downstream (natural) site by distances of 40 nucleotides or more. This effect was reversed in vivo, but not in vitro, by altering the upstream sequence to that of a consensus 5' splice site sequence. Dilution of an extract used for splicing in vitro shifted preferences when the sites were close towards the downstream site. We conclude that the mechanism of selection depends on the distance apart of the potential splice sites and that with close sites steric interference between factors bound to both sites may impede splicing and affect splicing preferences.


Journal article


J Mol Biol

Publication Date





265 - 281


Animals, Base Sequence, Cloning, Molecular, DNA Mutational Analysis, Globins, In Vitro Techniques, Molecular Sequence Data, RNA Splicing, RNA, Messenger, Rabbits, Ribonucleoproteins, Ribonucleoproteins, Small Nuclear, Structure-Activity Relationship