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We have examined the effects of various inositol polyphosphates, alone and in combination, on the Ca2+-activated K+ current in internally perfused, single mouse lacrimal acinar cells. We used the patch-clamp technique for whole-cell current recording with a set-up allowing exchange of the pipette solution during individual experiments so that control and test periods could be directly compared in individual cells. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins 1,4,5 P3) (10-100 microM) evoked a transient increase in the Ca2+-sensitive K+ current that was independent of the presence of Ca2+ in the external solution. The transient nature of the Ins 1,4,5 P3 effect was not due to rapid metabolic breakdown, as similar responses were obtained in the presence of 5 mM 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid, that blocks the hydrolysis of Ins 1,4,5 P3, as well as with the stable analogue DL-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphorothioate (Ins 1,4,5 P(S)3) (100 microM). Ins 1,3,4 P3 (50 microM) had no effect, whereas 50 microM Ins 2,4,5 P3 evoked responses similar to those obtained by 10 microM Ins 1,4,5 P3. A sustained increase in Ca2+-dependent K+ current was only observed when inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins 1,3,4,5 P4) (10 microM) was added to the Ins 1,4,5 P3 (10 microM)-containing solution and this effect could be terminated by removal of external Ca2+. The effect of Ins 1,3,4,5 P4 was specifically dependent on the presence of Ins 1,4,5 P3 as it was not found when 10 microM concentrations of Ins 1,3,4 P3 or Ins 2,4,5 P3 were used.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Membr Biol

Publication Date

07/1989

Volume

109

Pages

85 - 93

Keywords

Animals, Calcium, Cell Separation, In Vitro Techniques, Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate, Inositol Phosphates, Lacrimal Apparatus, Membrane Potentials, Mice, Potassium Channels, Sugar Phosphates