Effect of dopamine D-1 and D-2 receptor selective drugs on dopamine release and metabolism in rat striatum in vivo.
Zetterström T., Sharp T., Ungerstedt U.
The effect of the dopamine (DA) D-1 agonist SKF 38393, the D-2 agonist LY 171555 and the mixed D-1/D-2 agonist apomorphine on striatal DA release and metabolism was tested in vivo using an intracerebral dialysis method in halothane-anaesthetized rats. The specificity of responses to these agonists was tested using the selective DA antagonists SCH 23390 (D-1) and sulpiride (D-2). Both LY 171555, 0.01 mg/kg, and SKF 38393, 10 mg/kg, reduced levels of DA in striatal perfusates. Neither SCH 23390, 0.5 and 5 mg/kg, nor sulpiride, 10 mg/kg, affected levels of DA in striatal perfusates, but 250 mg/kg sulpiride caused a DA increase. The decrease of DA levels induced by LY 171555 (0.01 mg/kg) was prevented by pretreatment with sulpiride (10 mg/kg) but not SCH 23390 (0.5 mg/kg). In comparison, pretreatment with SCH 23390 (0.5 mg/kg) completely inhibited the reduction of DA induced by SKF 38393 (10 mg/kg) while sulpiride (10 mg/kg) was without effect. Apomorphine (0.05 mg/kg) also decreased DA in striatal perfusates and this action was partially inhibited by both SCH 23390 (0.5 mg/kg) and sulpiride (10 mg/kg). Levels of the DA metabolite DOPAC in striatal perfusates also significantly decreased following LY 171555 (0.01 mg/kg) and apomorphine (0.05 mg/kg) but not SKF 38393 (10 mg/kg). The antagonist SCH 23390, in a dose, 0.5 mg/kg, that alone did not increase levels of DOPAC, inhibited the reduction of DOPAC induced by both LY 171555 and apomorphine. Sulpiride, 10 mg/kg, caused a marked increase in striatal DOPAC and this was not affected by a subsequent injection of LY 171555, SKF 38393 or apomorphine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)