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The novel anxiolytic and antidepressant, buspirone, and its main metabolite 1-(2-pyrimidinyl)-piperazine (1-PP), which is pharmacologically active, were examined for their effect on regional cerebral glucose utilization in awake rats using quantitative 2-deoxyglucose autoradiography. At a dose of 1 mg/kg, buspirone reduced glucose utilization in the hippocampus by approximately 15%, whilst 1-PP at the same dose had no effect. In comparison, at a higher dose, 10 mg/kg of both buspirone and 1-PP decreased glucose utilization in the hippocampus by 20% and 27%, respectively. In addition, widespread reductions in local cerebral glucose utilization were noted with this higher dose of 1-PP; such generalized effects are compatible with those reported for alpha 2 adrenoceptor antagonists. Buspirone at 1 and 10 mg/kg increased glucose utilization by 40% and 65%, respectively, in the lateral habenular nucleus, whilst 1-PP at 1 and 10 mg/kg had no effect. The findings suggest that buspirone's effects on glucose utilization cannot be attributed to 1-PP, unless high doses of buspirone are administered.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Pharmacol

Publication Date

05/01/1993

Volume

230

Pages

41 - 46

Keywords

Animals, Anti-Anxiety Agents, Autoradiography, Behavior, Animal, Blood Pressure, Body Temperature, Brain Chemistry, Buspirone, Deoxyglucose, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Glucose, Male, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley