A comparison of the locomotor effects induced by centrally injected TRH and TRH analogues.
Sharp T., Bennett GW., Marsden CA., Tulloch IF.
Thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH) and its stable analogues CG3509 and RX77368 were injected directly into the nucleus accumbens, septum and striatum of the rat and locomotor activity was recorded. TRH (5-20 micrograms) caused a dose-dependent increase in locomotor activity when injected into the nucleus accumbens. TRH (20 micrograms) also increased locomotor activity after administration into the septum but not when put into the striatum. Both the TRH analogues (0.1 and 1.0 microgram) produced closely related increases in activity when injected into either the nucleus accumbens or septum but CG3509 was more potent with a longer lasting effect. Also, in contrast with TRH (20 micrograms), both TRH analogues stimulated locomotor activity when injected into the striatum at a dose of 1 microgram but the effect was less marked and delayed in onset compared to the nucleus accumbens and septum response. Dopamine (100 micrograms) injected into the accumbens or septum also produced significant increases in locomotor activity. The locomotor effects of the peptides are discussed in relation to a possible dopamine-mediated mechanism which contrasts with the actions of TRH and the analogues on barbiturate anaesthesia.