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Pharmacological manipulation of lysosome membrane integrity or ionic movements is a key strategy for probing lysosomal involvement in cellular processes. However, we have found an unexpected inhibition of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) by these agents. Dipeptides [glycyl-L-phenylalanine 2-naphthylamide (GPN) and L-leucyl-L-leucine methyl ester] that are inducers of lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) uncoupled endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-store depletion from SOCE by interfering with Stim1 oligomerization and/or Stim1 activation of Orai. Similarly, the K+/H+ ionophore, nigericin, that rapidly elevates lysosomal pH, also inhibited SOCE in a Stim1-dependent manner. In contrast, other strategies for manipulating lysosomes (bafilomycin A1, lysosomal re-positioning) had no effect upon SOCE. Finally, the effects of GPN on SOCE and Stim1 was reversed by a dynamin inhibitor, dynasore. Our data show that lysosomal agents not only release Ca2+ from stores but also uncouple this release from the normal recruitment of Ca2+ influx.

Original publication

DOI

10.1242/jcs.248658

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Cell Sci

Publication Date

27/01/2021

Volume

134

Keywords

Ca2+, GPN, LMP, Lysosome, Orai1, Stim1, Calcium, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Lysosomes, Membrane Proteins, ORAI1 Protein, Stromal Interaction Molecule 1