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Ca2+ signalling is of prime importance in controlling numerous cell functions in the brain. Endolysosomes are acidic organelles currently emerging as important Ca2+ stores in astrocytes, microglia, endothelial cells, and neurons. In neurons, these acidic Ca2+ stores are found in axons, soma, dendrites, and axon endings and could provide local sources of Ca2+ to control synaptic transmission, neuronal plasticity, and autophagy to name a few. This review will address how acidic Ca2+ stores are recruited in response to cell stimulation. We will focus on the role of the endolysosomal two-pore channels (TPCs) and their physiological agonist nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) and how they interact with cyclic ADP-ribose and ryanodine receptors from the endoplasmic reticulum. Finally, this review will describe new pharmacological tools and animal mutant models now available to explore acidic Ca2+ stores as key elements in brain function and dysfunction.

Original publication




Journal article


Cell Calcium

Publication Date





Animals, Calcium, Calcium Signaling, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Endothelial Cells, NADP, Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel