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BACKGROUND: Aspergillus infection is known to be associated with worse respiratory outcomes in people with CF (pwCF) and is a well-recognised complication of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. The aim of this observational cross-sectional study was to examine the association of pre-existing Aspergillus infection and/or allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in pwCF and severity of COVID-19. METHODS: Data on SARS-CoV-2 infections in pwCF from January 2020 to June 2021 were collected by the European Cystic Fibrosis Society Patient Registry. The primary outcome was COVID-19 severity measured by hospitalisation comparing those with Aspergillus infection and/or ABPA in the 12 months preceding COVID-19and those without. RESULTS: In total, 1095 pwCF were diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 and information on pre-existing Aspergillus/ABPA status was available from 807. PwCF and SARS-CoV-2 in the Aspergillus/ABPA group (n = 153), in comparison to the non-Aspergillus/ABPA group (n = 654), were more likely to be hospitalised (adjusted OR 1.79 (1.19 to 2.85); p = 0.005) and their disease course was more likely to be complicated by sepsis (adjusted OR 7.78 (1.78 to 49.43); p = 0.008). The association with hospital admission was no longer significant after excluding patients with ABPA. Secondary analysis comparing pwCF who received antifungal treatment (n = 18), versus those who did not (n = 474) during COVID-19, showed a higher rate of hospitalisation (p 

Original publication




Journal article


J Cyst Fibros

Publication Date



Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, Aspergillus infection, COVID-19, Cystic fibrosis