In vivo inhibition of neuronal activity in the rat ventromedial prefrontal cortex by midbrain-raphe nuclei: role of 5-HT1A receptors.
Hajós M., Gartside SE., Varga V., Sharp T.
The ventral part of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) plays an important role in mood and cognition. This study examined the effect of the 5-HT in this region by measuring the electrophysiological response of ventral mPFC neurones to electrical stimulation of the dorsal and median raphe nuclei (DRN and MRN), which are the source of the 5-HT input. DRN or MRN stimulation evoked a consistent, short-latency, post-stimulus inhibition in the majority of ventral mPFC neurones tested (DRN: 44/73 neurones; MRN: 24/31 neurones). Some neurones responded to DRN or MRN stimulation with antidromic spikes indicating that they were mPFC-raphe projection neurones. Both DRN- and MRN-evoked inhibitions were attenuated by systemic administration of the 5-HT1A antagonist WAY 100635 (0.1 mg/kg i.v.). DRN-evoked inhibition was also attenuated by iontophoretic application of WAY 100635 and by systemic administration of the 5-HT1A antagonist, NAD-299 (4 mg/kg i.v.) but not the 5-HT2 antagonist ketanserin (4 mg/kg, i.v.). These data suggest that DRN and MRN 5-HT neurones inhibit neurones in the ventral mPFC via activation of 5-HT1A receptors. Some of these mPFC neurones may be part of a 5-HT1A receptor-controlled postsynaptic feedback loop to the DRN and MRN.