Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

A significant enhancement of the applicability of the serine protease subtilisin Bacillus lentus (SBL) in peptide synthesis was achieved by using the strategy of combined site-directed mutagenesis and chemical modification to create chemically modified mutant (CMM) enzymes. The introduction of polar and/or homochiral auxiliary substituents, such as X=oxazolidinones, alkylammonium groups, and carbohydrates at position 166 at the base of the primary specificity S(1) pocket created SBL CMMs S166C-S-X with strikingly broad structural substrate specificities. These CMMs are capable of catalyzing the coupling reactions of not only L-amino acid esters but also D-amino acid esters as acyl donors with glycinamide to give the corresponding dipeptides in good yields. These powerful enzymes are also applicable to the coupling of L-amino acid acyl donors with alpha-branched acyl acceptor, L-alaninamide. Typical increases in isolated yields of dipeptides of 60-80 % over SBL-WT (e.g. 0 % yield of Z-D-Glu-GlyNH(2) using SBL-WT-->74 % using S166C-S-(CH(2))(2) NMe(3) (+)) demonstrate the remarkable synthetic utility of this "polar patch" strategy. Such wide-ranging systems displaying broadened and therefore similarly high, balanced yields of products (e.g. 91 % Z-L-Ala-GlyNH(2) and 86 % yield of Z-D-Ala-GlyNH(2) using S166C-S-(3R,4S)-indenooxazolidinone) may now allow the use of biocatalysts in parallel library synthesis.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





4129 - 4137


Bacillus, Binding Sites, Catalysis, Combinatorial Chemistry Techniques, Models, Molecular, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Mutation, Peptide Biosynthesis, Peptide Library, Protein Conformation, Protein Engineering, Stereoisomerism, Substrate Specificity, Subtilisin