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The synthesis of a series of tetrahydrofuranyl alpha- and beta-xylopyranoside trisphosphates, designed by excision of three motifs of adenophostin A is reported. The synthetic route features improved preparations of allyl alpha-D-xylopyranoside and its 2-O-benzyl ether, and gives access to four diastereoisomeric trisphosphates, which show a range of abilities to mobilise Ca2+ from the intracellular stores of hepatocytes. A comparison of the potencies of the four trisphosphates provides useful information relating to the effects of stereochemical variation on the recognition of carbohydrate-based trisphosphates by D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors. 1-O-[(3'S,4'R)-3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-4-yl] alpha-D-xylopyranoside 3,4,3'-trisphosphate (8) is the most active member of the series with a potency close to Ins(1,4,5)P3; a beta-linked analogue, 1-O-[(3'R,4'S)-3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-4-yl] beta-D-xylopyranoside 3,4,3'-trisphosphate, is ca. 20-fold weaker than Ins(1,4,5)P3, and the other compounds are much less active. While no compound attained a potency close to that of adenophostin A, we believe that 8 represents the minimal structure for potent Ca2+-releasing activity in this type of carbohydrate-based analogue.


Journal article


Carbohydr Res

Publication Date





53 - 66


Animals, Calcium, Calcium Channels, Cell Membrane Permeability, Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate, Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors, Isoenzymes, Liver, Molecular Conformation, Phospholipase C delta, Rats, Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear, Type C Phospholipases, Xylose