Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Estrone sulfamate (EMATE) is a potent irreversible inhibitor of steroid sulfatase (STS). In order to further expand SAR, the compound was substituted at the 2- and/or 4-positions and its 17-carbonyl group was also removed. The following general order of potency against STS in two in vitro systems is observed for the derivatives: The 4-NO(2) > 2-halogens, 2-cyano > EMATE (unsubstituted)>17-deoxyEMATE > 2-NO(2) > 4-bromo>2-(2-propenyl), 2-n-propyl > 4-(2-propenyl), 4-n-propyl > 2,4-(2-propenyl)= 2,4-di-n-propyl. There is a clear advantage in potency to place an electron-withdrawing substituent on the A-ring with halogens preferred at the 2-position, but nitro at the 4-position. Substitution with 2-propenyl or n-propyl at the 2- and/or 4-position of EMATE, and also removal of the 17-carbonyl group are detrimental to potency. Three cyclic sulfamates designed are not STS inhibitors. This further confirms that a free or N-unsubstituted sulfamate group (H(2)NSO(2)O-) is a prerequisite for potent and irreversible inhibition of STS as shown by inhibitors like EMATE and Irosustat. The most potent derivative synthesized is 4-nitroEMATE (2), whose IC(50)s in placental microsomes and MCF-7 cells are respectively 0.8 nM and 0.01 nM.

Original publication




Journal article


Bioorg Med Chem

Publication Date





2506 - 2519


Enzyme Inhibitors, Estrone, Humans, Molecular Structure, Stereoisomerism, Steryl-Sulfatase, Structure-Activity Relationship