Selective recognition of inositol phosphates by subtypes of the inositol trisphosphate receptor.
Nerou EP., Riley AM., Potter BV., Taylor CW.
Synthetic analogues of inositol trisphosphate (IP(3)), all of which included structures equivalent to the 4,5-bisphosphate of (1,4,5)IP(3), were used to probe the recognition properties of rat full-length type 1, 2 and 3 IP(3) receptors expressed in insect Spodoptera frugiperda 9 cells. Using equilibrium competition binding with [(3)H](1,4,5)IP(3) in Ca(2+)-free cytosol-like medium, the relative affinities of the receptor subtypes for (1,4,5)IP(3) were type 3 (K(d)=11+/-2 nM)>type 2 (K(d)=17+/-2 nM)>type 1 (K(d)=24+/-4 nM). (1,4,5)IP(3) binding was reversibly stimulated by increased pH, but the subtypes differed in their sensitivity to pH (type 1>type 2>type 3). For all three subtypes, the equatorial 6-hydroxy group of (1,4,5)IP(3) was essential for high-affinity binding, the equatorial 3-hydroxy group significantly improved affinity, and the axial 2-hydroxy group was insignificant; a 1-phosphate (or in its absence, a 2-phosphate) improved binding affinity. The subtypes differed in the extents to which they tolerated inversion of the 3-hydroxy group of (1,4,5)IP(3) (type 1>type 2>type 3), and this probably accounts for the selectivity of (1,4,6)IP(3) for type 1 receptors. They also differed in their tolerance of inversion, removal or substitution (by phosphate) of the 2-hydroxy group (types 2 and 3>type 1), hence the selectivity of (1,2,4,5)IP(4) for type 2 and 3 receptors. Removal of the 3-hydroxy group or its replacement by fluorine or CH(2)OH was best tolerated by type 3 receptors, and accounts for the selectivity of 3-deoxy(1,4,5)IP(3) for type 3 receptors. Our results provide the first systematic analysis of the recognition properties of IP(3) receptor subtypes and have identified the 2- and 3-positions of (1,4,5)IP(3) as key determinants of subtype selectivity.